Raúl Guillermo Benítez Manaut

Raúl Benítez has been a professor and researcher at the UNAM since 1983. He started out as a teaching assistant in the Latin America Area of the School of Political and Social Sciences; he worked as a researcher at the Center for Interdisciplinary Research in the Sciences and Humanities (CEIICH) from 1987 to 2000. Since 2000 he has worked in the CISAN. He received his bachelor’s in sociology from the UNAM; his master’s in economics and international politics from the Center for Economic Research and Teaching (CIDE); and he received his doctorate in Latin American Studies at the UNAM.

Since March 2006 he has been the president of the civil society organization Collective for the Analysis of Security with Democracy (Casede). He has also been a member of the Latin American Studies Association (LASA) since 1985.

His recent publications deal with security issues and the geopolitics of Latin America, with particular attention to the regions of North and Central America. His lines of research center on strategic problems; compared peace processes; international, hemispheric, and national security; U.S., Mexican, and Latin American foreign policy; and civilian-military relations and the armed forces in Mexico. Currently, he is analyzing the relationship between national security and organized crime in Mexico and the United States. He participated in the collective research project Creating Community in the Americas on hemispheric security at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C. In recent years he has participated in diverse research projects at Tijuana’s Northern Border College.

He has been a visiting academic at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C. (1998 and 2003); a visiting professor at Columbia University in New York (2001); a professor at the U.S. National Defense University’s Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (2004); a visiting researcher at the Center for North American Studies; and a professor at the International Service School at the American University in Washington, D.C. (2006-2007). He also studied the course on Latin America at the Institute for Higher Studies of National Defense in France (2009).

In Mexico, he has taught at the Ibero-American University, the Autonomous Technological Institute of Mexico (ITAM), the Center of Higher Naval Studies, the National Defense College, and the National Institute of Public Administration, among other institutions.

The prizes and honors he has received include the UNAM’s National University Distinction for Young Academics (1989) and first place for the José Simeón Cañas Central American University Prize, awarded in San Salvador (1987).

He is a member of several working groups and research teams, like the Network of Researchers of the General Gutiérrez Mellado University Institute for Research on Peace, Security, and Defense, headquartered in Madrid, Spain. He has been a guest lecturer at the Latin American Social Sciences Center (FLACSO) in Santiago de Chile, Buenos Aires, Mexico, Quito, the Dominican Republic, San José de Costa Rica, Guatemala, and San Salvador. He has also given numerous lectures at the Tokyo Institute for Development Studies; Beijing’s Chinese Institute for Strategic International Studies; the University for Peace of San José, Costa Rica; the University of El Salvador; the University of Valencia; the Torcuato di Tella University; Georgetown University, George Washington University; St. Edwards University; and Oxford University, among others.

He participated as an international consultant for the White Book of Security and the Defense of France in 2007, and was an advisor for developing the white books on defense for the Ministries of Defense of Guatemala, Ecuador, and Honduras.

Among his publications, some of the most outstanding are the books La teoría militar y la guerra civil en El Salvador (Military Theory and Civil War in El Salvador) (San Salvador: UCA, 1989) and Mexico and the New Challenges of Hemispheric Security (Washington, D.C.: Latin American Program, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2004). As editor and co-editor, Professor Benítez has published La paz en Centroamérica. Expediente de documentos fundamentales (Peace in Central America. Dossier of Fundamental Documents) (Mexico City: CEIICH, UNAM, 1989); Chiapas: interpretaciones sobre la negociación y la paz (Chiapas: Interpretations about the Negotiations and the Peace) (Mexico City: CISAN, UNAM/Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2003); México-Centroamérica. Desafíos a inicios del siglo XXI (Mexico-Central America. Challenges at the Beginning of the Twenty-first Century) (Mexico City: ITAM, 2001); Chiapas. El desafío de la paz (Chiapas. The Challenge of Peace) (Mexico City: ITAM/GEMAP/Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2000); El rompecabezas. Conformando la seguridad hemisférica en el siglo XXI (The Jigsaw Puzzle. Creating Hemispheric Security in the Twenty-first Century) (Buenos Aires: Prometeo Libros-Universidad de Boloña, 2006); and Atlas de la seguridad y la defensa de México 2009 (Security and Defense Atlas of Mexico 2009) (Mexico City: Casede, 2009). The books he has most recently edited are Crimen organizado e Iniciativa Mérida en las relaciones México-Estados Unidos (Organized Crime and the Merida Initiative in Mexico-United States Relations) (Mexico City: Casede, 2010) and Seguridad y defensa en América del Norte: nuevos dilemas geopolíticos (Security and Defense in North America: New Geo-political Dilemmas) (San Salvador: Fundación Guillermo Manuel Ungo/Latin American Program, Woodrow Wilson Internacional Center for Scholars, 2010). He is also co-author of several editions of the Atlas comparativo de la defensa en América Latina (Compared Atlas of Defense in Latin America) (Buenos Aires: RESDAL) and of the Anuario de la seguridad regional en América Latina y el Caribe (Regional Security in Latin America and the Caribbean Yearbook) (Bogota: Fundación Friedrich Ebert). He has edited 103 book chapters in Spanish, 22 in English, 4 in Portuguese, 2 in French, and 1 in Italian. In specialized journals, he has published 92 articles in Spanish and 15 in English, as well as essays in French, German, Italian, Japanese, and Chinese.

Individual Projects

“Security and Geo-politics in North America” and “National Security and Armed Forces in End-of-Century Mexico”

Collective Projects

“Creating Community in the Americas and Central America” in collaboration with the Woodrow Wilson Center and the Guillermo Manuel Ungo Foundation of El Salvador

Seguridad y defensa en América del Norte: nuevos dilemas geopolíticos
Raúl Benítez Manaut, coord., San Salvador, Woodrow Wilson Center/Fundación Guillermo Manuel Ungo, 2010. ISBN : 978-99923-29-31-3
Crimen organizado e Iniciativa Mérida en las relaciones México-Estados Unidos
Raúl Benítez Manaut, coord., México, Casede, 2010. ISBN: 978-607-95380-1-9
Atlas de la seguridad y la defensa de México
Raúl Benítez Manaut, Abelardo Rodríguez Sumano y Armando Rodríguez Luna, coords., México, Casede, 2009. ISBN: 607-953-8008, 978-607-953-800-2
El rompecabezas. Conformando la seguridad hemisférica en el siglo XXI
Joseph Tulchin, Raúl Benítez Manaut y Rut Diamint, Buenos Aires, Prometeo Libros, 2006. ISBN: 987-228-260-9